Most women have some discomfort during their periods, and more than half have some pain for one or two days each month. Here are few things to know about menstruation and menstrual pain:
1. Women are more likely to experience menstrual cramps or prolonged pain if they have heavy periods, smoke, or drink alcohol. They're also more likely to experience them if they started their first period at an early age (younger than 11), or if their menstrual periods last five days or longer.
2. It could take up to a year for your period to regulate once you go off birth control Pill. Birth control pills administer a dose of artificial hormones that mimic the ones your body naturally makes. One of the ways these hormones prevent pregnancy is by suppressing ovulation, which can temporarily throw your body's natural rhythm out of balance. Once you've stopped taking the Pill, it takes a while for your cycle will return to its natural rhythm. That’s why women who consume excess of oral contraceptives need to be careful.
3. Your chances of getting a bacterial infection during menstruation are increased. Because of the elevated pH, along with hormonal fluctuations, some women usually develop more bacterial infections during their period than usual, which can be identified by extra discharge and a fishy smell.
4. In general, women with painful periods do not need to avoid sex. In fact, orgasms can relieve menstrual cramps in some women. However, there could be specific reasons a certain individual might be advised to avoid sex, so consult your doctor if you have questions.
5. Periods tend to be heavier, more painful, and longer in the colder months.
6. It is possible to get pregnant if a woman has intercourse during her period because sperm can survive up to a week in the body.
7. Fibroids can form on the outside, the inside, or in the walls of the uterus, and can cause pain and heavy menstrual bleeding.
8. Studies suggest that city lights or artificial lights influence the menstrual cycle.
9. Trichomoniasis becomes worse during menstruation because of lower vaginal acidity.